The IMF has published a working paper on International Financial Integration in the Aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis. The main findings are:
- The rapid growth in cross border positions in relation to GDP pre-2008, has effectively come to a halt.
- There are weaker capital flows to and from advanced economies as cross border banking activity continues to fall.
- Less-financially-integrated emerging and developing economies continue to increase their share of global GDP.
- The retrenchment in cross-border banking activity relative to pre-2008 trends, has been offset by increasing FDI positions. This may be indicative of growing claims on and from international financial centers, where pass-through financial vehicles and shifting domiciles of multinational corporations play a major role.